Kinematic criteria determining swing movement of world class dancesport athletes
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Faculty of Rehabilitation, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland
Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Comenius University in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia
Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Unit, Department of Psychology, Educational Science and Human Movement, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy
Human Motricity Studies Laboratory, Institute of Health Sciences, Federal University of Para, Belem, Brazil
Department of Human Sciences and Promotion of the Quality of Life, San Raffaele University, Rome, Italy.
Faculty of Physical Education, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland
Submission date: 2023-10-23
Acceptance date: 2024-01-25
Publication date: 2024-03-26
Corresponding author
Szymon Kuliś   

Faculty of Rehabilitation, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education
Hum Mov. 2024;25(1):60-67
The aim of the study was to identify the distinguishing characteristics of the swing movement of the world’s top dancesport couples through kinematic variables.

The study involved six world-class and six intermediate dance couples. The couples were asked to execute three identical series of three natural turns of the figure in a Viennese Waltz, all being filmed as they danced to music. Six international experts evaluated all the trials of each couple from the point of view of the technical quality component based on the Absolute Judging System. A triaxial rotational angular velocity measurement (gyroscope) device was placed on the dorsal part of the pelvic girdle and on the posterior part of the thorax of each competitor.

An analysis of covariance demonstrated that regardless of the sports level, the maximum hip girdle angular rotation velocity in the forward swing movement performed by men was significantly related to the judging score achieved (F1,9 = 11.5; p < 0.05; ηp2 = 0.45).

The mean squares of the differences of the hip and thoracic spine angular rotation velocity signals were found to be a good criterion for evaluating the swing movement, which is related to the judges’ evaluation. The descriptions of the performance of complex rotational movements obtained in this study can find their application in the analysis, teaching, and evaluation of dance couples. This is one of the first studies in the literature that deals in detail with swing movement in sports dance.

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