REVIEW PAPER
Generic motor tests as tools to identify sports talent: a systematic review
 
More details
Hide details
1
Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
 
2
Federal University of Alagoas, Arapiraca, Alagoas, Brazil
 
 
Submission date: 2023-08-22
 
 
Acceptance date: 2024-05-03
 
 
Publication date: 2024-06-28
 
 
Corresponding author
Blena Marinho   

Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro
 
 
Hum Mov. 2024;25(2):53-63
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Despite motor coordination being an underlying capacity for the execution of sports motor skills, more information is needed if its evaluation can contribute to identifying sports talent. Furthermore, more needs to be known about which types of generic motor tests can predict the future sporting performance of young athletes of different ages. The objective of this study was to evaluate the literature on the use of generic motor tests, which assess levels of general evolution, in identifying young talents in sport. This systematic review was carried out based on the PRISMA protocol, with a search that was undertaken in two stages: an electronic search of studies written in English in PubMed, Science Direct, Web of Science, and SPORTDiscus; and a search directed to articles written in Portuguese and Spanish in the LILACS , IBECS and SciELO databases. Twenty articles were included in the review: 12 cross-sectional, 6 longitudinal, and 2 retrospective. The methodological quality of the studies was assessed based on ST ROBE. No studies were classified as low-quality. The results suggest that generic motor tests may be important in the talent identification process, since the level of motor coordination is associated with sports performance and, as such, is important for performance discrimination and prediction. The predominance of studies analysed adolescents, males, soccer and the KTK (Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder) motor test. It seems plausible to recommend that sports professionals apply the findings of this study in youth sports performance and practice environments.
 
REFERENCES (52)
1.
Bompa TO. Total Training for Young Champions. New York: Human Kinetics; 2000; 211.
 
2.
Nobari H, Ramachandran AK, Oliveira R. The influence of opponent level on professional soccer players’ training and match performance assessed by using wearable sensor technology. Hum Mov. 2023;24(2):101–10; doi: 10.5114/hm.2023.117164.
 
3.
Williams AM, Reilly T. Talent identification and development in soccer. J Sports Sci. 2000;18(9): 657–67; doi: 10.1080/02640410050120041.
 
4.
Vaeyens R, Güllich A, Warr CR, Philippaerts R. Talent identification and promotion programmes of Olympic athletes. J Sports Sci. 2009;27(13): 1367–80; doi: 10.1080/02640410903110974.
 
5.
Abbott A, Collins D. A theoretical and empirical analysis of a ‘State of the Art’ talent identification model. High Abil Stud. 2002;13(2):157–78; doi: 10.1080/1359813022000048798.
 
6.
Vaeyens R, Lenoir M, Williams AM, Philippaerts RM. Talent identification and development programmes in sport. Sports Med. 2008;38(9):703–14; doi: 10.2165/00007256-200838090-00001.
 
7.
Johnston K, Wattie N, Schorer J, Baker J. Talent identification in sport: a systematic review. Sports Med. 2018;48(1):97–109; doi: 10.1007/s40279- 017-0803-2.
 
8.
Garganta J. Identification, selection and promotion of talent in sports games: facts, myths and misconceptions [in Portuguese]. Proceedings of the II International Team Sports Congress. 2009. Available from: https://altorendimiento.com/id...- seleccao-e-promocao-de-talentos-nosjogos- desportivos-factos-mitos-e-equivocos/.
 
9.
Breitbach S, Tug S, Simon P. Conventional and genetic talent identification in sports: will recent developments trace talent?. Sports Med. 2014;44(11):1489–503; doi: 10.1007/s40279-014-0221-7.
 
10.
Sarmento H, Anguera MT, Pereira A, Araújo D. Talent identification and development in male football: a systematic review. Sports Med. 2018;48(4):907–31; doi: 10.1007/s40279-017-0851-7.
 
11.
Williams AM, Ford PR, Drust B. Talent identification and development in soccer since the millennium. J Sports Sci. 2020;38(11–12):1199–210; doi: 10.1080/02640414.2020.1766647.
 
12.
de Oliveira Castro H, Willian da Silva JB, dos Santos Nascimento CD, de Castro Ribeiro L, da Silva Aguiar S, Aburachid LMC, De Oliveira V, Figueiredo LS. Relative age effect on student-athletes of Mato Grosso state (Brazil) participating in the National School Games depending on sex, age category, and sport type. Hum Mov. 2023;24(2):91–7; doi: 10.5114/hm.2023.118990.
 
13.
Fransen J, Bennett KJM, Woods CT , French-Collier N, Deprez D, Vaeyens R, Lenoir M. Modelling age-related changes in motor competence and physical fitness in high-level youth soccer players: implications for talent identification and development. Sci Med Footb. 2017;1(3):203–8; doi: 10.1080/24733938.2017.1366039.
 
14.
Sieghartsleitner R, Zuber C, Zibung M, Conzelmann A. Science or coaches’ Eye? – Both! Beneficial collaboration of multidimensional measurements and coach assessments for efficient talent selection in elite youth football. J Sports Sci Med. 2019;11;18(1):32–43.
 
15.
Clemente FM, Badicu G, Hasan UC, Akyildiz Z, Pino-Ortega J, Silva R, Rico-González M. Validity and reliability of inertial measurement units for jump height estimations: a systematic review. Hum Mov. 2022;23(4):1–20; doi: 10.5114/hm.2023.111548.
 
16.
Rommers N, Mostaert M, Goossens L, Vaeyens R, Witvrouw E, Lenoir M, D’Hondt E. Age and maturity related differences in motor coordination among male elite youth soccer players. J Sports Sci. 2018;37(2):196–203; doi: 10.1080/02640414.2018.1488454.
 
17.
Tribolet R, Bennett KJM, Watsford ML, Fransen J. A multidimensional approach to talent identification and selection in high-level youth Australian Football players. J Sports Sci. 2018;36(22): 2537–43; doi: 10.1080/02640414.2018.1468301.
 
18.
Mostaert M, Deconinck F, Pion J, Lenoir M. Anthropometry, Physical fitness and coordination of young figure skaters of different levels. Int J Sports Med. 2016;37(7):531–8; doi: 10.1055/s-0042-100280.
 
19.
Vandorpe B, Vandendriessche JB, Vaeyens R, Pion J, Lefevre J, Philippaerts RM, Lenoir M. The value of a non-sport-specific motor test battery in predicting performance in young female gymnasts. J Sports Sci. 2012;30(5):497–505; doi: 10.1080/02640414.2012.654399.
 
20.
Faber IR, Elferink-Gemser MT, Faber NR, Oosterveld FG, Nijhuis-Van der Sanden MW. Can perceptuo- motor skills assessment outcomes in young table tennis players (7–11 years) predict future competition participation and performance? An observational prospective study. PLOS ONE. 2016; 11(2):e0149037; doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0149 037.
 
21.
Mostaert M, Pion J, Lenoir M, Vansteenkiste P. A retrospective analysis of the national youth teams in volleyball: were they always faster, taller, and stronger?. J Strength Cond Res. 2020;36(9):2615– 21; doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000003847.
 
22.
Bernstein NA. The co-ordination and regulation of movements. Oxford: Pergamon Press; 1967.
 
23.
O’Brien-Smith J, Tribolet R, Smith MR, Bennett KJM, Fransen J, Pion J, Lenoir M. The use of the Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder in the talent pathway in youth athletes: a systematic review. J Sci Med Sport. 2019;22(9):1021–9; doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2019.05.014.
 
24.
Ozmun JC, Gallahue DL, Goodway JD. Understanding Motor Development. Infants, Children, Adolescents, Adults. Massachusetts: Jones Bartlett Learning; 2019; 424.
 
25.
Kiphard E, Schilling F. Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder: Manual. Göttingen: Beltz Test; 2007.
 
26.
Page MJ, McKenzie JE, Bossuyt PM, Boutron I, Hoffmann TC , Mulrow CD, Shamseer L, Tetzlaff JM, Akl EA, Brennan SE, Chou R, Glanville J, Grimshaw JM, Hróbjartsson A, Lalu MM, Li T, Loder EW, Mayo-Wilson E, McDonald S, McGuinness LA, Stewart LA, Thomas J, Tricco AC, Welch VA, Whiting P, Moher D. The PRISMA 2020 statement: an updated guideline for reporting systematic reviews. BMJ. 2021;372:n71; doi: 10.1136/ bmj.n71.
 
27.
von Elm E, Altman DG, Egger M, Pocock SJ, Gøtzsche PC, Vandenbroucke JP; ST ROBE Initiative. The strengthening the reporting of observational studies in epidemiology (ST ROBE) statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies. Lancet. 2007;370(9596):1453–7; doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(07)61602-X.
 
28.
Barnett LM, Lai SK, Veldman SLC, Hardy LL, Cliff DP, Morgan PJ, Zask A, Lubans DR, Shultz SP, Ridgers ND, Rush E, Brown HL, Okely AD. Correlates of gross motor competence in children and adolescents: a systematic review and metaanalysis. Sports Med. 2016;46(11):1663–88; doi: 10.1007/s40279-016-0495-z. PMID: 2689427.
 
29.
Lubans DR, Morgan PJ, Cliff DP, Barnett LM, Okely AD. Fundamental movement skills in children and adolescents: review of associated health benefits. Sports Med. 2010;40(12):1019–35; doi: 10.2165/11536850-000000000-00000.
 
30.
Pion JA, Fransen J, Deprez DN, Segers VI, Vaeyens R, Philippaerts RM, Lenoir M. Stature and jumping height are required in female volleyball, but motor coordination is a key factor for future elite success. J Strength Cond Res. 2015;29(6):1480–5; doi: 10.1519/jsc.0000000000000778.
 
31.
Deprez DN, Fransen J, Lenoir M, Philippaerts RM, Vaeyens R. A retrospective study on anthropometrical, physical fitness, and motor coordination characteristics that influence dropout, contract status, and first-team playing time in high-level soccer players aged eight to eighteen years. J Strength Cond Res. 2015;29(6):1692–704; doi: 10.1519/ jsc.0000000000000806.
 
32.
Peres L, Lovisolo H. Sporting formation: theory and views of the elite athlete in Brazil. Rev Educ Fis. 2006;17(2):211–8.
 
33.
Mroczek D, Superlak E, Konefał M, Maćkała K, Chmura P, Seweryniak T, Chmura J. Changes in the stiffness of thigh muscles in the left and right limbs during six weeks of plyometric training in volleyball players. Pol J Sport Tour. 2018;25(2):20–4; doi: 10.2478/pjst-2018-0010.
 
34.
Callewaert M, Boone J, Celie B, De Clercq D, Bourgois JG. Indicators of sailing performance in youth dinghy sailing. Eur J Sport Sci. 2015;15(3):213–9; doi: 10.1080/17461391.2014.905984.
 
35.
Norjali Wazir MR, Van Hiel M, Mostaert M, Deconinck FJA, Pion J, Lenoir M. Identification of elite performance characteristics in a small sample of taekwondo athletes. PLOS ONE. 2019;14(5):e0217358; doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0217358.
 
36.
di Cagno A, Battaglia C, Fiorilli G, Piazza M, Giombini A, Fagnani F, Borrione P, Calcagno G, Pigozzi F. Motor learning as young gymnast’s talent indicator. J Sports Sci Med. 2014;13(4):767–73.
 
37.
Stöggl R, Müller E, Stöggl T. Motor abilities and anthropometrics in youth cross-country skiing. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2015;25(1):e70–e81; doi: 10.1111/sms.12254.
 
38.
Šalaj S , Milčić L, Šimunović I. Differences in motor skills of selected and non-selected group of children in artistic gymnastics in the context of their motor development. Kinesiology. 2019;51(1):133–40; doi: 10.26582/k.51.1.16.
 
39.
Kokstejn J, Musalek M, Wolanski P, Murawska- Cialowicz E, Stastny P. Fundamental motor skills mediate the relationship between physical fitness and soccer-specific motor skills in young soccer players. Front Physiol. 2019;10:596; doi: 10.3389/fphys.2019.00596.
 
40.
Pion J, Lenoir M, Vandorpe B, Segers V. Talent in female gymnastics: a survival analysis based upon performance characteristics. Int J Sports Med. 2015;36(11):935–40; doi: 10.1055/s-0035-1548887.
 
41.
Faber IR, Elferink-Gemser MT, Oosterveld FGJ, Twisk JWR, Nijhuis-Van der Sanden MWG. Can an early perceptuo-motor skills assessment predict future performance in youth table tennis players? An observational study (1998–2013). J Sports Sci. 2017;35(6):593–601; doi: 10.1080/02640414.2016.1180421.
 
42.
Faber IR, Pion J, Munivrana G, Faber NR, Nijhuis- Van der Sanden MWG. Does a perceptuomotor skills assessment have added value to detect talent for table tennis in primary school children?. J Sports Sci. 2017;36(23):2716–23; doi: 10.1080/02640414.2017.1316865.
 
43.
Bennett KJM, Novak AR, Pluss MA, Coutts AJ, Fransen J. A multifactorial comparison of Australian youth soccer players’ performance characteristics. Int J Sports Sci Coach. 2020;15(1):17–25; doi: 10.1177/1747954119893174.
 
44.
Vandorpe B, Vandendriessche J, Vaeyens R, Pion J, Lefevre J, Philippaerts R, Lenoir M. Factors discriminating gymnasts by competitive level. Int J Sports Med. 2011;32(8):591–7; doi: 10.1055/s-0031-1275300.
 
45.
Chagas DV, Ozmun J, Batista LA. The relationships between gross motor coordination and sportspecific skills in adolescent non-athletes. Hum Mov. 2017;18(4):17–22; doi: 10.1515/humo-2017-0037.
 
46.
Clark JE. From the beginning: a developmental perspective on movement and mobility. Quest. 2005;57(1):37–45; doi: 10.1080/00336297.2005.10491841.
 
47.
Ulrich, DA. Test of gross motor development 2: Examiner’s manual. 2nd ed. Austin: PRO-ED; 2000.
 
48.
Clemente FM. Bibliometric analysis of scientific production in small-sided games. Hum Mov. 2023;24(4):1–17. doi: 10.5114/hm.2023.132707.
 
49.
Bruininks RH, Bruininks BD. BOT-2. Bruininks- Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency. 2nd ed. Minneapolis: NCS Pearson; 2005.
 
50.
Logan SW, Robinson LE, Rudisill ME, Wadsworth DD, Morera M. The comparison of schoolage children’s performance on two motor assessments: the Test of Gross Motor Development and the Movement Assessment Battery for Children. Phys Educ Sport Pedagogy. 2014;19(1):48–59; doi: 10.1080/17408989.2012.726979.
 
51.
Platvoet SW, Opstoel K, Pion J, Elferink-Gemser MT, Visscher C. Performance characteristics of selected/deselected under 11 players from a professional youth football academy. Int J Sports Sci Coach. 2020;15(5–6):762–71; doi: 10.1177/1747954120923980.
 
52.
Vandendriessche JB, Vaeyens R, Vandorpe B, Lenoir M, Lefevre J, Philippaerts RM. Biological maturation, morphology, fitness, and motor coordination as part of a selection strategy in the search for international youth soccer players (age 15–16 years). J Sports Sci. 2012;30(15):1695–703; doi: 10.1080/02640414.2011.652654.
 
eISSN:1899-1955
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top